tv Weekend News Al Jazeera August 22, 2015 4:00am-4:31am EDT
>> the u.s. managing editor of 'financial times'. pleasure to see you. >> that's our show for today, i'm ali velshi, thank you for joining us. joining us. >> a last minute bid to end a feud between north and south korea. top officials agree to meet. also ahead, desperate for a better life. we'll have the latest on the refugee crisis facing macedonia. the u.s. said it killed isil second in command in an air strike in iraq. plus -- >> i have been around quite a bit. surreal. >> it's not for children. we visit a theme park with a dark political message.
hello. we begin with the latest on the tensions between north and south kree y it looks like there is a last minute attempt to mediate the dispute. right now it's centered on the large loud speakers. we are hearing that top aides are due to meet. harry is on the south korean border. it looks like both sides are looking for a way out of this. >> reporter: it does seem that way judging but the personnel that are going to be involved in the meeting. the deadline for the ending of loud speaker broadcast that north korea was saying, 5:00 p.m. local time or 5:30.
in the last couple of hours. the south korean president's office confirming that there would be a meeting an hour after that at 6:00 p.m. local time here between the very senior military figure from north korea, the head of the political bureau of the korean people's army meeting the international security adviser here in the south as well as the head of both countries essentially the ministries for korean relations will be attending this meeting. the question is how are they going to find common ground. south korea will stop the broadcasts if north korea admits to having carried out a land mine attack. north korea denies any attack. so the question is whether they can find some other route to try
to deescalate the situation. >> as far as the current situation on the border itself, what's happening there? >> reporter: well, it still attains that 15,000 or so people have been evacuated from villages and districts very close to the border on the southern side. we are here at what is usually a fairly busy tourist site looking over north korea territory. there were some tourists, but they were told to get out shortly before 3:00 p.m. local time. so that remains the situation. it is still an alert situation. the south korean military were quoted by the news agency today as saying that north korean artillery guns had been getting themselves into position to fire at the loud speakers. there was a show of force by
u.s. and south korean fighter jets. now it's turning to these last minute talks due in a couple of hours time. now, the white house says the deputy leader of isil has been killed. he was second in command to the group's leader. >> reporter: he was isil's man in iraq and charged with overseeing all the provinces under the group's control, from military operationings, logistics and finance. his position means his death will be welcomed news in the white house which released this statement. he was an isis councilmember. he was a primary coordinator for moving large amounts of weapons,
explosives, vehicles and people between iraq and syria. his death will impact isil's operations. >> he was an al qaeda operative. when he came in after our invasion, then he joined isil as did a lot of the al qaeda group. al qaeda told isil not to be so horrendous and they broke off. >> he was killed on august 18. this isn't the first time the u.s. claimed to have killed him. he was reported dead in a strike in late 2014 as well. >> the first reports came out, people said we have heard a lot of this before. the fact that the white house not only confirmed it, but said where it occurred and how it
occurred shows that they had good intelligence. i would say this is a sign that the strategy of the united states and allies is beginning to work. >> reporter: a former officer under saddam hussein. that was a big victory highlighting the inability or unwillingness to defend the city. isil began consolidating its power and setting its sights on baghdad. his death won't necessarily halt isil's advance nor diminish its authority in the areas it controls. it remains deeply entrenched where it controls all asecretaries oaspects oflife. >> how important was he to the
leadership? >> we heard that he had a high ranking position in the leadership of isil in charge of military operations in iraq. the man had a military background and military skills. he was a member of the iraqi army under saddam hussein. he knows the land. the man is from mosul and that's where he was which gives him an advantage. he understands the people, he understands the culture. he can reach out to the people. he is an iraqi, he is not a foreigner. so undoubtedly this is a major blow to the group. but most analysts will say this is a short-term setback. at the end of the day, isil is a secretive organization. but its power structure are not
centralized. so isil's leaders learn from the past mistake it is and what we understand is that the new structure really gives flexibility to leaders to adopt to the situation so that overall operations are not affected if a top leader is killed. but it's too early to say whether or not isil's operations on the ground will be affected by the death. but what is clear is that isil is still strong. let's take you to macedonia where hundreds of people are camped out on the greek side of the border hoping to cross over. macedonia has become the latest flash point of the refugee crisis that is overwhelming europe. live to jonah hulls on the greek side of the border. any indication of the numbers of
people being let in? or if anyone is being let in? >> no one has been let in this morning. there is no indication that anyone will be let in. there was a group of a few hundred were allowed to pass through. that's the area where the model neck has formed. it was until thursday an invisible borderline along the railway line between greece and mass don't y now it's marked by wire and armed men. more and more people by the hour making their way all the way up greece, hoping to go through macedonia, serbia and into the european union. there is a shift happening as we speak on the ground here. in the last few minutes large
numbers of syrians have gathered themselves together and moved back from that point. we'll turn the camera around for you. they have moved up to the hill side where we are standing over here. a large crowd of people. these are syrians. the reasons they have made this move is because they want to separate themselves from the other nationalities. what they say is that all of these other nationalities claim to be syrian because it is the syrians that have the most valid claim to asylum. many others are economic migrants looking for a better life. they set up their own group here, they say we are syrians and they expect to be dealt with appropriately. >> we saw pictures earlier of people being handed out water. give us a sense of the
conditions that people are dealing with there right now. >> the conditions are extremely meager here. that's the only way to describe them. there is water handed out by a few volunteer groups. the red cross is here. but in very, very small numbers because this situation has grown in just the last 48 hours into a real crisis. they need to find some way to deal with it. this is a bottleneck of people. now thousands. they will keep coming throughout the day on one side razor wire and soldiers deeper into the country as well bringing up the rear now for the first time, greek riot police. this is a potentially volatile situation. the chances of confrontation rising all the time. >> indeed, for the moment.
france's interior minister praised the actions of passengers who over powered an arm manned on a train. they tackled him. two of the men are haled for their bravery was two u.s. off duty soldiers. >> relief that nobody got killed. it could have been a real carnage, no question about that. >> i'm proud of my friend, he reacted so quickly and so bravely. he was the first one over there even after being injured himself, he went to help the other man who was bleeding also. without his help, he would have died. that man was bleeding from his neck. he just went over there and saved his life. >> i ran a good ten meters.
>> again, the top stories on al jazeera, senior officials from north and south korea are meeting. north korea are demanding they dismount huge speakers. hundreds of people are camped out on the greek side hoping to cross over. the u.s. says the second in command of the islamic state of iraq has been killed in an air strike. he was killed as he traveled in a car in the iraqi city of mosul on tuesday. as many as 27 million people in southern africa will need emergency food aid by the end of the year. that's according to the southern africaen development community. it says one in ten people will have to rely on food handouts.
maze production is expected to drop by 90%. rainfall, flooding and high temperatures have caused the shortage. south africa is suffering its worst drought. >> reporter: maze farmer is having a bad season. his harvest has dropped by half because of poor rainfall. >> dry, and doesn't look like other years when we had enough rain the previous season. the stalk is not as big as it should be. >> this is the worst drought he's seen in 20 years. this year the soil may be too dry to do that. >> you can't even cover the cost
of land and doing other stuff. like the inputs, the diesel. it means a lot. you can't even break even. >> it's not only crop farmers who have been affected by the drought. livestock farmers rely on grain to feed their animals. they are feeling the pinch of rising grain prices. in the last year alone the price of grain has risen by more than 50% due to drought and fluctua fluctuating currency. >> they need more wat water to drink. you can't afford to put water pipes on the farm. >> the conditions cause the maze production to fall. >> the biggest problem for the farmers is they have lost half of the nice crop, they haven't
got enough money to plant the next year. so finance is a big problem and they haven't got any assets to go through a bank. >> usually a netted exporter, south africa may have to import up to 750,000 tons of maze to feed the country. still, several southern african nations rely on south africa for up to 80% of their maze imports. >> neighboring countries have to buy our maze at a higher price because we are linched to the national market. if there is a doubt and there is not enough, it pushes up our process. >> while those countries will receive most of their supply, it's added additional pressure on an already struggling south africa maze industry. >> two women have made u.s.
military history. they are the first to graduate from the elite army rangers training school. they are unlikely to join the front line any time soon. the u.s. is still debating the role of women in combat. >> a graduation ceremony for new soldiers of the elite ranger division. but this is one unlike any other. 65 years since the first class of rangers for the first time female graduates. >> rangers, welcome to the club. >> it's a key moment in u.s. military history when it comes to integrating women into combat roles. while they are some of the best trained soldiers, they won't be in combat, at least not yet. while woman are allowed in 95% of operations, women did not
have the same physical strength to fight on the front lines. but that could now change after the two women completed the rangers grueling six week combat course, considered one of the most physical trainings the u.s. military conducts. the pentagon announced they would review the ban on women. >> the department's policy is that all ground combat positions are open to women unless data shows the positions must remain closed. >> that's happening by all positions. it's expected they will give their recommendations to the u.s. secretary of defense next month and a final decision is expected later this year on which, if any, combat roles will be open to women. it's expected to have wide ranging flickses.
there are 1.3 million people served in the armed forces. 15% are women. today 17 countries allow women in front line combat roles including france, germany, canada and israel. now the united states might not be far behind. >> worries about the health of the chinese economies have rattled markets. the dow jones average fell more than 500 points on friday. that's the worst loss that u.s. stocks suffer in four years. it was part of a global market sell-off which also saw oil prices hit a six year low. technology companies were hid with billions of there ares off their value. >> turkish consumer confidence is at its lowest. its currency is feeling the
pressure. the lack of stable government are hitting the economy. >> kur can i's consumers are nervous. confidence has fallen to a six year low. a political stalemate. it's fueled the uncertainty. now the currency is suffering. >> people are investing their hard earned salary into u.s. dollars. i bought dollars and i have already made 500 profit. >> they are bracing themselves fro.>> because we operate in the domestic market, this automatically impacted our retail prices.
our rents are in u.s. dollars. >> reporter: currencies in markets like brazil and south africa are struggling. but turkey has added domestic pressures. >> in order to yield the turmoil, turkey needs a strong government. this could not be established after the election. so the turkish economy is more fragile against external risks and also we have already have huge currency account deficits and high inflation. >> it's lost 20% of the value against the dollar. >> there will be another election probably at the beginning of november. >> what happens could play a role on whether they win back the majority it lost in june's election. >> breast cancer kills more than
half a million women worldwide. if caught early, stage 0, many women make the decision to remove one or both of their breasts. now a new u.s. study says this may not do much to stop the disease from spreading. >> more are being diagnosed with dcis, a possible precursor to what could be a deadly tumor. treatment involves removing part or all of the breasts. a new study suggests getting a mastectomy makes little difference. >> 25% of the women had the most basic treatment which was a lumpectomy and they did just as well in terms of survival. >> the study followed more than 100,000 of these patients.
patients reited for stage 0 breast cancer had the same likelihood of dieing from the ideas as the general population. that's raising the question, are women being unnecessarily treated. deb counsels others. >> it's going to make people stop and think a little more. they ask their doctors more questions. they may feel they don't have to rush into something. >> it's not a bad thing. >> but this oncologist says a more control study is needed that looks at the outcome of women with no treatment. >> it's another piece of information, does this person really need surgery. >> and the study showed some patients have higher risks,
black women and women under 40. the best thing to do is consult your doctor. british street artist has unveiled his first major u.k. show in six years. he's converted a swimming pool into a disturbing installation called dismal land. >> reporter: the castle looks vaguely familiar. the attractions are reminiscent of the british seaside. but the artist creators say this is a family theme park unsuitable for children. closer examination of an impressively vast model town reveals it to show the aftermath of an emergency. the grim reaper rides a cart to upbeat music. outside, the radio controlled
toy boats are models of stricken migrant ships with no hope of reaching land. they should have bigger themes. >> when it doom to the bicker household name artist, he is sticking his neck out. and i think what's interesting, especially here, he's brought a lot of artists here who are also critical, a lot of people don't know about to bring them into the conversation. >> he is the headline artists, but there are others. locals were told it was being used as a hollywood film set. but locals were given access on the first day. >> i have been around quite a
bit. some surreal is the opening word for it. some of the rides were scary. they looked like they were about to fall apart. >> just watching it. >> he made his name in his street art stencil paintings. but ground art and the street residency propelled him to worldwide fame. his last show in 2009 was a smash hit. and they are expected to drama dramassive crowds. the migrants folks, this is far more than a financial shot in the arc for a run down seaside resolve. >> this is a commentary on the u.s.'s value. it requires the engagement of
the mind as well as the hands. >> it will run until december 28. >> there is lots more on our website, www.aljazeera.com. keep up to date with the latest stories we are following there. www.aljazeera.com. you got me! you're so tricky... here's the bomb, be careful! >> he's one third of the trio "allah made me funny". >> look at this stage master allah. this is a lot of room for a palestinian, you know? >> the group uses humor to combat islamophobia and challenge misconceptions about muslims. amer is a palestinian, born and ed